Fears Of A Rise In Homelessness During A Second Lockdown

More than a thousand families in Merseyside became homeless during the first lock-down – and campaigners warn many more could find themselves in this situation in the coming months.

The latest official figures from the government have revealed that 1,071 households in our area were found to be homeless or threatened with homelessness between April and June, reports the Liverpool Echo. That doesn’t necessarily mean that they were sleeping rough on the street – just that they had no stable accommodation and were forced to seek assistance from their council. This most commonly happens because of eviction due to rent arrears, but can also be the result of relationship breakdown between partners, domestic abuse, or other violence or harassment.

The number is not as high as it might have been, thanks to Government measures such as the six-month ban on evictions. It had dropped from 1,431 Merseyside households who were found to be homeless between January and March, and was down from 1,440 between April and June last year. However, campaigners and homelessness charities say the number will likely rise as the economic effects of the pandemic are fully felt – particularly during the second lockdown. It is unclear whether or not the evictions ban will be reinstated at this time.

Often, people who experience homelessness problems suffer food poverty issues and Merseyside foodbanks are anticipating an increase in people seeking help because of homelessness concerns. Simon Huthwaite, operations manager for St Andrew’s Community Network in Clubmoor in Liverpool – which runs North Liverpool Foodbank – said: “Under COVID-19 we have seen a new type of person trying to access the foodbank. What we are seeing is more families and more children being fed through the foodbank network. And we are seeing a change in the reasons for people using foodbanks. So if you went back to a year ago, the top two reasons why people need a foodbank are benefit-related.”

“What we’ve seen this year is that the number one reason for referral has changed. While benefit sanctions are up there, the vast majority of vouchers that are issued are because of low income, so you can postulate from that data that a lot of families are going to be struggling to pay for household bills and rent. So it’s no surprise to me that over 1,000 families have been made homeless over this period. St Andrew’s gives debt advice and we support about 900 people a year with this. And this figure will include people for whom homelessness is a real risk. When they default on payments they might find the bailiffs coming and they might lose their homes.”

“I think we are only going to see an increase of this type of activity as we come out of lock-down. At the moment bailiffs are on hold and debt agencies are not pursuing people actively because of the lock-down, but that means that potentially people’s debts are still increasing while lock-down is happening and they will come out of lock-down in a worse position than when they went into lock-down.”

To help those in need of help, St Andrew’s Community Network has embarked on an ambitious programme of creating pantries across North Liverpool. So far, seven are up-and-running, and six of these were set up under Covid. Many of those found to be homeless are being housed in temporary accommodation. Across Merseyside, 528 households were stuck in B&Bs, hostels and other temporary homes during the first national lockdown. That was down from 569 families in January and March, but up from 398 between April and June last year. The number included 369 children.

Between April and June 2020, 63,570 households approached their local council and were found to be homeless or at risk of homelessness. That was down from 76,460 households between January and March, however. The three most common triggers of homelessness during the initial lock-down period were no longer being able to stay with families and friends (33%), the loss of a private tenancy (11%) and domestic abuse (11%).

Polly Neate, chief executive of Shelter, said: “When coronavirus first struck, there were already too many people without a safe place to call home. Families across the country were terrified they would face eviction and homelessness in the middle of a pandemic. We cannot go back to that. The evictions ban meant many could stay safe in their homes and there was a national effort to help thousands off the streets.”

“With a new national lockdown approaching and Covid cases on the rise, the government must move again to make sure no one is forced from their home this winter by banning evictions nationwide. Right now, it’s too dangerous to allow anyone to become homeless. So, as well as preventing evictions, the government must direct councils to provide safe accommodation to anyone who is homeless or faced with the streets.”

New Briefing On Winter Homeless Crisis

On 2 November, Homeless Link called on the Government to deliver Everyone In 2.0 as we entered the winter lockdown. In the following days, the Government announced the Protect Programme, providing a £15 million top-up to areas with the highest rough sleeping numbers.

However, Homeless Link says the ‘Protect Programme’ does not go far enough and their new briefing sets out why we still need a second Everyone In scheme, backed by funding, in order to protect the health and safety of people experiencing homelessness.  It also presents findings from their membership surveys, collected over recent weeks and months, which demonstrate why this is so crucial to the health of the homelessness sector and the people we support.

They celebrate the great strides taken to protect people experiencing homelessness during and since the first COVID-19 lockdown and the funding already offered by Government that made this possible. However, they say they have heard the message from their members loud and clear: current funding levels are not enough for local areas to provide everyone who needs it with a safe place to stay. In addition, local authorities need clear leadership and direction from Government to enable them to support everyone, regardless of their immigration status or priority need, this winter.

As we move out of lockdown, it will again be vital that a transition plan is in place. The Government must take urgent steps to continue to support move-on from emergency accommodation and prevent even more people being forced into homelessness during the ongoing pandemic.

Jackie Bliss, CEO of HARP, Southend’s homeless charity, said: “The emergency measures put in place during the lockdowns were very much needed, but as these inevitably had to be short -term and reactive, simply repeating them now will not go far enough to address the impending crisis”

“Without a long-term Government commitment to providing the policy, support and funding to keep people off the streets, many will have no option but to sleep rough or to resort to unsuitable and unsafe accommodation. The emergency funding provided by the Government will not last forever, and a transition plan to a long-term, strategic approach is desperately needed. People’s lives are depending on it!” 

You can find out more at the Homeless Link webpage news.

Rough Sleepers Back On The Streets Of Wales

Nearly a quarter of the number of rough sleepers given temporary housing during Wales’ first lockdown are living on the streets again, figures show.

In April, all the estimated 407 rough sleepers were given a place to stay but Welsh Government figures indicated 101 people were sleeping rough in August, reports the BBC. Charity Shelter Cymru said it was “desperately disappointing”. The Welsh Government said it was providing funding and no-one should be homeless during the pandemic.

One man who has returned to sleeping in a tent said he felt “chucked to one side” by his local council. The 28-year-old from Bridgend, who did not want to be named, said he became homeless at the start of lockdown following a relationship breakdown. His epilepsy puts him in a high-risk category for rough sleepers. But he said he was “bounced” around three different placements before being kicked out over a fight with a fellow resident and then had to live in a tent, some nights burning his clothes to stay warm.

“I can stay in a hotel for a little bit or have a little bit of food and then back in the tent,” he said. [My epilepsy] is worse since all this stress, I’ve had more fits, more seizures than ever and I’ve been in and out of the hospital. How many other people are out there with other medical conditions and they’re not having the help? They just look at us and think ‘oh he’s homeless we’ll chuck him to the side, just like a waste of space’. That’s what I feel like, a waste of space just because I’m homeless.”

Bridgend County Borough Council said throughout the lockdown everyone requesting help has been given it, but it would not tolerate violent behaviour towards staff or residents. “We do not simply throw people out, and will always seek to work with them to help them overcome any problems or obstacles that may be preventing them from finding and keeping full-time accommodation,” it said.

Shelter Cymru, which is working with the man, said he was defending himself from a fellow resident who tried to attack him with a pair of scissors. Jennie Bibbings from the charity said: “It’s the pressure on temporary accommodation that is leading some councils to have incredibly strict policies. For example, not tolerating any argument with other residents and eviction for very low levels of arrears – these are the things that are leading people to the streets at the moment.” The man said it was his first time living in a homeless shelter and he struggled being surrounded by people who were recently in prison or who had drug and mental health problems.

Welsh Government figures for August showed 974 homeless people were placed in emergency accommodation in August, including 476 placements in long-term accommodation. But more than 3,566 people were in temporary accommodation and 101 were sleeping rough. That compares with April when temporary placements were found for all 407 of the people known to be sleeping rough in Wales. The government said its investment this year was “the first big stride” toward ending homelessness in Wales. Housing Minister Julie James said: “There’s no easy solution to this. I’ve been clear all the way through we have not solved this problem, but we’re on the right road to making sure people are housed and not sustained on the streets.”

Lindsay Cordery-Bruce, from charity the Wallich, said the government and councils did an “incredible job” at the start of the pandemic but many were again turning homeless people away from help because of a lack of space. “We didn’t solve poverty, we didn’t end homelessness, we haven’t solved substance misuse or mental health crises.” Ms Bibbings said back in April it felt like the “impossible had happened” to get everyone off the streets. “It is so desperately disappointing because we hoped those days might be behind us,” she said.

It comes despite the Welsh Government’s £50m plan in August to eliminate homelessness. Most councils have now applied for funding to add more housing spaces or hire support staff. A Welsh Government spokesperson said: “We are working with all partners to ensure that as a sector we are able to continue to meet the needs of anyone who needs a safe place to live and that we take the opportunity to help people into long-term stable housing.”

Free Haircuts Help The Homeless In Liverpool

A group of friends who completed their barbering training together have been visiting city centres to give free haircuts to homeless people, reports the Liverpool Echo.

Steve O’Connor, 29, together with friends Jake Kel and Luke Glover, both 25, all work in Barbers No1 at locations throughout the city and in Warrington. Steve told the Echo that after passing their apprenticeship training, the three got together and devised a plan to give something back to the community. For the past few weeks, the barbers have been out in Liverpool and Warrington town centres approaching homeless people and asking if they want a free haircut.

Steve said: “We just wanted to do something for people who are living on the streets. The sad thing is a lot of the fellas are 100% willing to get their hair cut but no one has ever asked them. We asked a few of them if they wanted us to take them somewhere out of the way to do their hair cut but they didn’t want to lose their patch.”

He added: “We don’t want to be doing it on the street. If there was somewhere else we could go we would. But they tell us they don’t feel confident enough to go into a barbers. They say they’ve got greasy hair and we were saying don’t worry about that.”

Steve said that the gratitude shown by those that accepted the offer of a free haircut had really touched their hearts. He said: “When we see the same fellas again they say, ‘ah thanks very much again mate’.” Steve said, ideally he would like to find a place where they could go and cut people’s hair that would offer them a bit more dignity.

He added: “So many were saying to us they hadn’t had their hair cut in years due to the stigma of going into a barbers. Obviously, being homeless and not having the money as well. But to see the way they react after it, they seem so much happier inside. We felt great because we knew they felt so much better in themselves.”

Thousands Made Homeless During The Pandemic

Tens of thousands of people have been made homeless since the start of the pandemic despite a ban on evictions with charities warning that younger people are falling through the gaps.

Since April this year at least 90,063 people in the UK have been threatened with homelessness – and more than half of these have already lost their accommodation, reports The Guardian. Charities say data shows a new cohort of homeless people who have slipped through the cracks despite protections such as the ban on evictions and a government scheme to house the homeless during the coronavirus crisis. These include young people, many of whom work in hospitality, who have lost their jobs and are struggling to support themselves financially. Many have precarious living arrangements meaning they were not protected from the evictions ban.

Ministers recently announced that renters would be protected during the new national restrictions, with no bailiff enforcement action. While the government said it had almost eradicated rough sleeping through its Everyone In scheme, the Guardian has found tens of thousands of newly homeless people presenting for support.

Paul Noblet, head of public affairs for the homeless charity Centrepoint, said: “Through our helpline, we have been hearing about lots of people losing their homes despite a ban on evictions – some of the calls are from young people who work in the hospitality industry whose home may have been linked to their job, so someone living at a hotel or a pub.” He added that being sent section 21 eviction notices from landlords would be stressful for people who did not know their rights. People who got eviction notices would be people living under the shadow of losing their home at the first opportunity the courts can reopen,” he said.

Lucy Abraham, chief executive of the homeless charity Glass Door, said it was seeing a large number of people in precarious living situations who had found themselves homeless. She said: “Workers who were sharing overcrowded houses found these situations untenable because everyone was suddenly supposed to be home the whole time rather than just sleeping there.”

Jonny Webb, a fellow at the Institute for Public Policy Research who specialises on housing and homelessness, said official data showed there was a 69% fall in people being given section 21s this year compared with 2019 but people were still being evicted. “Some people will have been served a notice and not aware of the legal procedure to challenge, and think they must leave their accommodation. There could be rogue action from bailiffs, which shows even though the government put a system in place it is not necessarily working as it should be, and in fact, we are still seeing evictions under section 21 when they should be banned.”

Webb said people who are newly homeless are those living in “precarious situations” that would not be covered by the ban, or those “living with a violent partner”. He added: “This idea early on that [the government] said they had eradicated rough sleeping, that is definitely an overreaction especially when you look at reports showing those taken off the streets are now starting to slowly trickle back.”

The data comes from a freedom of information request replied to by 204 councils, which showed 36,359 were threatened with homelessness since the pandemic started. Data also showed 6,184 were served section 21 notices and 46,894 came to the council saying they were already homeless.

Karen Buck, the Labour MP for Westminster North, said: “There have been some illegal evictions [during the pandemic], which are being desperately underreported. At the moment the new homeless appears to be young singles – after we had the Everyone In scheme that was successful in terms of getting people off the streets but since that wound down the numbers have increased rapidly in London.” Thangam Debbonaire, the shadow housing secretary, said: “The prime minister’s order to stay at home will feel particularly hollow for people without anywhere to call ‘home’. Government ministers said that progress in March was an opportunity to end rough sleeping for good – but it looks like these gains have been lost.”

The government has announced an extra £15m to support people rough sleeping, which Jon Sparkes, from the charity Crisis, said was “welcome but does not go far enough and addresses just one part of the problem.” He said: “We appeal to the UK government to give local councils clear instruction and sufficient funding to ensure everyone is in safe and self-contained accommodation and, in doing so, build on the significant progress made this year in ending homelessness for good.”

A Ministry of Housing Communities and Local Government spokesperson said: “This week we confirmed that bailiff enforcement action will not be permitted during the national restrictions or over the Christmas period – except in the most serious eviction cases such as those involving anti-social behaviour. This builds on existing protections, including six-month notice periods and new court rules meaning judges will prioritise the most serious of cases. We have also taken action to prevent people getting into financial hardship by helping businesses to pay salaries, extending the furlough scheme, and boosting the welfare safety net by over £9bn.”

Final Round Of Funding For Homeless Charities

A final 60 homelessness charities whose finances have been affected by the pandemic have been awarded grants from the second round of Homeless Link’s COVID-19 Homelessness Response Fund, reports Homeless Link.

Overall, 103 grants have been allocated, with organisations sharing a total of almost £4.3 million of funding provided by The National Lottery Community Fund, the largest funder of community activity in the UK, and Comic Relief, which raises money to support people around the world living incredibly tough lives. This Fund is now closed.

The funding is providing emergency financial assistance to local homelessness organisations that risked closure, service cuts or redundancies due to increased operational costs and a loss of income caused by COVID-19. It is also supporting organisations that needed to expand or adapt their services to safely support people experiencing homelessness during the pandemic.

A wide range of organisations across England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland have benefited, guaranteeing and improving support for groups including people facing multiple disadvantage, women and survivors of domestic violence, homeless young people, individuals from BAME groups and people identifying as LGBT+ and other minority groups.

Rick Henderson, Chief Executive of Homeless Link, comments: “The pandemic has hit local homelessness charities hard in many ways and yet, as always, they have risen to the challenge and continued to provide much needed support to people experiencing homelessness.”

He added: “We are delighted to have been able to offer financial support to these crucial organisations, enabling them to continue to pursue their missions at this critical time, and our sincere thanks go to The National Lottery Community Fund and Comic Relief for making this possible.”

The first round of funding from the COVID-19 Homelessness Response Fund consisted of £6 million provided by The Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government, which was shared among 133 homelessness charities on 7 June.

Time For ‘Everyone In 2.0’

As a second lockdown looms over England, homelessness charities and councillors have urged the government to bring back a scheme thought to have saved the lives of hundreds of rough sleepers during the first, reports The Guardian.

About 15,000 homeless people were provided emergency accommodation in hotels in March and April this year as part of the “everyone in” policy. According to one study, the scheme saved an estimated 266 people from death. As details of England’s second lockdown appeared in the media and on reporters’ Twitter feeds on Saturday, homeless campaigners issued a fresh plea for a return to the policy.

“With a new lockdown imminent, the UK government must bring ‘Everyone In’ back in England with ring-fenced funding for local councils to provide Covid-safe accommodation for anyone experiencing or at risk of rough sleeping,” said Jon Sparkes, chief executive of Crisis. This was echoed by Chris Wood, Shelter’s assistant director of research, who added that “this time” there must be “clear guidance to ensure it is everyone. No one should fall through the cracks this winter”.

When PM Boris Johnson eventually announced the “tougher national restrictions” during a Downing Street briefing on Saturday evening, no details of additional support for rough sleepers were offered, or requested in question from the press and public. Peter Apps, deputy editor of Inside Housing, tweeted that the issue was also “notable by absence” in a series of key questions and answers the housing secretary, Robert Jenrick, shared following the announcement of the new restrictions.

Tom Copley, London’s deputy mayor for housing, said: “This is the crucial question which as of tonight we have no answer to. Rough sleepers are particularly vulnerable to Covid. Everyone In, pioneered in London, was world leading, and resulted in very low Covid infection rates amongst homeless people here. Now we need Everyone In 2.” He called on ministers to set out very quickly what additional funding they would provide to enable rough sleepers to be helped into Covid-safe accommodation as during the first lockdown.

Keiron Williams, the leader of Southwark council in south London, added: “To stay at home you have to have a home, yet the government is completely silent on support for rough sleepers during this lockdown.” He also called on the government to suspend its no recourse to public funds rules, which prevent people accessing social security and welfare because of their immigration status.

Last month doctors signed a letter warning that rough sleepers in the UK would die without a repeat of the “everyone in” policy adopted in March and April. Homeless people faced a dilemma between staying outside or squeezing into crowded shelters where Covid protection measures will be limited, the Royal College of Physicians and Royal College of General Practitioners told ministers.

The Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government has been contacted for comment.

‘Contactless’ – A Concern For The Homeless

Contactless card payments are seen as the future of shopping, and in a coronavirus age they’re a step further into a contact free society. While convenient for many, the contactless shift is worrying for homeless people and those who rely on the freedom of cash, reports the Liverpool Echo.

“I’ve not got change” or “I’ve only got a card” is something that those on the streets say they hear far too often. Now with the virus changing many aspects of our lives, it might even see the permanent move to a cashless society.

For example, supermarket giant Tesco has already announced it will no longer accept cash payments on it’s scan and shop system.

Ruth McCaughley, from the Whitechapel Centre told the Echo that she is aware from speaking to the vulnerable that they are experiencing reduced cash and footfall on the streets. One rough sleeper, who preferred to remain anonymous, said : “I was selling the Big Issue until the lockdown, the Big Issue was suspended and I had no income. I used to be able to pay people I knew to stay in their flats, but without that I had to beg. It was very difficult as there was no one in the city centre. People gave me food as they had no money on them”

Another said: “I have been homeless off and on over the years and have never experienced anything as bad as it is now. The lockdown was a real experience; it was very scary; the silence was haunting. There was no one around to give out food and a lot of people don’t have cash anymore.”

A third said if it wasn’t for Whitechapel they’d be on the streets, they said: “I went inside with Whitechapel at the start of lockdown. There was no point going out as there was no one to give money so I had to reduce my drinking. It was the best thing that could have happened, Now I’ve stopped drinking and have just moved into a flat of my own. I don’t want to go back out on the streets.” While another said: “A lot of people have stopped giving cash now, instead they give food and a coffee, which I’m still grateful for.”

Paper Cup charity founder Michelle Langan told the Echo that it’s those with no recourse to public funds that will suffer the most. She said: “I think the biggest issue facing the homeless is what we’re looking at at this moment. It’s people who have no recourse to public funds, so there’s no pathway to go down and it’s very difficult to access benefits.”

Philippa Thapa Magar, of Asylum Link Merseyside, says she fears a cashless society will shift “the balance of power further away from the most vulnerable.” She believes it will put them at a risk of exploitation and abuse, as it will likely lead to them being reliant on somebody else to access payments for them. She told the Echo: “The group of people we believe this will have a catastrophic impact upon are those who, for a range of reasons, find themselves undocumented in the UK or are already reliant on others for financial security.”

Philippa added: “We do know that people with refusals at the end of an application process with the Home Office have all support and accommodation withdrawn. They have no recourse to public funds and no right to work or rent accommodation in the UK. We need to be clear that these are not people the Home Office is actively looking to refuse, they are just cut off from support systems. Often people later go on to establish valid grounds to remain in the UK and are granted status accordingly.”

She said: “We believe that this group of people will be most adversely affected if and when the UK shifts to a cashless society. These are people denied access to the systems and institutions that facilitate cashless living. They are not allowed to open a bank account, forbidden from regular working and not allowed to rent or buy accommodation. It follows that they rely on informal, cash in hand arrangements to make their way through life. If cash is no longer an option they will be forced into an even more precarious situation. It’s not difficult to see how this will lead to exploitation and abuse.”

Philippa’s worry extends to those who experience domestic abuse, as often abusers have control over victims’ finances. Philippa said: “We’re often told by women that they would save coins and change in secret and once they had enough they could use this to buy the train ticket that helped them escape. They conceal money to buy items for them or their children without the perpetrator knowing, treats for kids, new clothes for themselves, bus tickets to support groups etc. A move to a cashless society would leave a paper trail of their activities and movements, increasing the risk of abuse from perpetrators and cutting women off from support and escape routes.”

New Immigration Laws “A Huge Step Backwards” For  Rough Sleepers

A new government plan to deport foreign rough sleepers using draconian immigration laws will lead to deaths on the streets, a Liverpool charity has warned.

While attention was turned to the plight of hungry children across the country last week, the government quietly snuck out another plan that is claimed would punish the most vulnerable people in our society, reports the Liverpool Echo. Under the immigration rules to be laid before parliament, and due to come into force after the Brexit transition period on January 1, rough sleeping will become grounds for refusal of, or cancellation of, permission to be in the UK.

More than a quarter of rough sleepers in the UK are thought to be foreign nationals. In 2019 official figures showed that 22% were from the EU while 4% were non-EU nationals. Charities described the move as a “huge step backwards”, which would prevent vulnerable people from asking for help.

Michelle Langan, founder of Liverpool charity Paper Cup Project, voiced her concerns about the rule, which she believes will lead to more deaths on our streets. She said: “This rule will diminish any trust that rough sleepers have with outreach workers and charities, as they will feel they are at risk of deportation if they engage with the services.

“It’s a punishing and dehumanising measure which, we have no doubt, will lead to more deaths on the streets. Those rough sleepers who are at risk of removal will be fearful for their safety, and as a result will go into hiding. These are already the most vulnerable group of people that charities deal with, as there is already very little help available for them.”

She added: “In 2020, it’s a scandal that we have people sleeping on our streets. If the government are really committed to ending homelessness, they should reconsider this measure, and instead, work with local authorities and organisations to find alternative solutions and means of support. Paper Cup Project have joined forces with organisations across the country to request details from local authorities on their action plans for homeless none-UK Nationals across the winter months and beyond.”

The letter, sent by Paper Cup Project and a host of other charities and organisations across the country who work with rough sleepers have asked for the plans from councils as a matter of urgency. The Echo has contacted the Home Office for comment.

“Rubbish” Pet Portraits Raise Money For The Homeless

A father from West Sussex has raised nearly £5,000 for a homeless charity by drawing “rubbish” pictures of pets.

It all started when Phil – who operates under the spoof alias “acclaimed artist Hercule Van Wolfwinkle” – doodled his pet dog while colouring with his son, reports the BBC. He put it on Facebook and offered commissions at a joke price of £299, but genuine requests flooded his inbox. “I think people just found them funny, at a time when there’s not loads to smile about,” he said.

He did the illustrations for free and shared them on social media with funny fake reviews and got thousands of likes. People were keen to pay him something, but he said: “I couldn’t take their money – the pictures are rubbish. So I set up a Just Giving page and suggested people donate instead.”

In five weeks demand for his doodles boomed and the 38-year-old raised £4,903 for Turning Tides, a charity which supports rough sleepers and aims to help them out of homelessness. The Worthing dad is now churning out 150 drawings a week and has a backlog of 600 requests. He said it is “brilliant fun” creating the cartoons, but the volume of requests had started to become “overwhelming” alongside his full-time job in commercial property. He had to put a disclaimer on his Facebook page.

People can continue to donate any amount to support the cause and message him with an image of their pet, but it is not regarded as a payment. It is a lottery whether people get a drawing, as he cannot get to them all. Despite that, support continues to flood in. One person donated £299 to the cause – the ‘price’ of the original image – and a man even got Hercule’s drawing of his dog tattooed on himself.

Hercule said: “I can’t believe how it’s taken off. It’s just a bit of fun for everybody, including me. When it becomes too stressful, I’ll have to stop. But I’ll try to make as much money as I can for Turning Tides. My next goal is £10,000.”

He added: “Homelessness is such an important issue, it’s a basic right for people to have a roof over the head and food in their bellies. With cuts to services, these charities are often the last line of defence as to whether these people live or die.”

You can see the pictures here.